Isaac Coote: convicts in Van Diemen’s Land

Timeline

  • 1822 (Sep 8) – baptism of Eliza Cross in Tingewick, Buckinghamshire
  • 1832 (Mar 15) – Isaac Coote sentenced to death, commuted to transportation for life, at Bury St. Edmonds, Suffolk
  • 1832 (Apr 6) – arrival in Tasmania of John and Frances Cross and ?five children aboard ‘Forth
  • 1832 (Dec 29) – arrival of Isaac Coote in Hobart aboard ‘York
  • 1838 (Feb 28) – Eliza Cross marries Isaac Coote
  • 1838 (Jun 17) – baptism of Matilda, dau of Isaac (‘tailor’) and Eliza Coote
  • 1840 (May 5?) – birth of Emily, dau of Isaac (‘taylor’) and Eliza **Coots**
  • 1841 – Isaac Coote granted Ticket of Leave
  • 1842 (Aug 16) – birth of Clara, dau of Isaac (‘tailor’) and Eliza Coote
  • 1845 (Dec 15) – Isaac Coote granted Conditional Pardon
  • 1847 (Aug 21) – birth of Alfred Richard, son of Isaac (‘tailor’) and Eliza Coote
  • 1848 – Isaac and Eliza Coote recorded on census with 2 daughters + son, with another unmarried freed convict
  • 1850 (Sep 29) – Isaac Coote becomes licensee of the Angel Inn, Charles Street, Launceston (until 1854)
  • 1851 (Nov 13) – birth of Adelaide Frances, dau of Isaac and Eliza Coote
  • 1854 (May 9) – Isaac Coote becomes licensee of the Jolly Farmer, Perth (Tasmania)
  • 1855 (Nov) – birth of Arthur Isaac, son of Isaac and **Sarah** Coote
  • 1862 (Jan) – Isaac Coote becomes licensee of the Hadspen Inn, Launceston (until 1865)
  • 1868 (Feb 26) – death of Eliza Coote – death notified by Isaac, widower
  • 1869 (Apr 14) – marriage of Isaac Coote and Adeline Laird
  • 1870 (Jun 30) – birth of Thomas James Coote, son of Isaac and Adeline Coote
  • 1873 (Dec 25) – death of Isaac Coote,  (‘tailor’) , of ‘dropsy’, aged 58

In 1832, John Cross – a mason from Tingewick – and his wife Frances née Terry arrived in Tasmania aboard the ship ‘Forth‘.  He seems to have led a most interesting life and I’m hoping one of his more knowledgeable descendants might write about him here in due course.

John and Frances’ second surviving daughter Eliza was barely fifteen and already pregnant when she married convict Isaac Coote, to whom she bore at least five children before dying of ‘paralysis’ in 1868, aged just 45.

Who, though, was Isaac Coote?  My search led me to discover the wealth of information available through the Tasmanian Archives Online website and its Tasmanian Names Index – a vast number of searchable scans, freely available.  A word of warning, though – the images are HUGE and very slow to load, so not something to attempt on a mobile phone signal!

Lent Assizes for Bury St Edmunds, 1832 (from Ancestry.com)

Lent Assizes for Bury St Edmunds, 1832 (from Ancestry.com)

Isaac was, it seems, convicted of housebreaking at Bury St. Edmonds Assizes on 15th March 1832, one of thirteen men sentenced to death for offences ranging from sheep-stealing to sacrilege.  As often happened at the time, none of the sentences were carried out: most were commuted to transportation – one for  7 years, the others (including Isaac) for ‘life’  but one man (a sheep-stealer) was merely imprisoned for 12 months!

Six months later, Isaac was one of 200 convicts aboard the ‘York‘ sailing from London and Plymouth, arriving in Hobart on 29th December 1832 after a three month voyage.

1832Coote,Isaac-description-CON18-1-21_00261_L_c

Description list from Linc Tasmania CON18/1/21

 

On arrival, his description was carefully noted: he was 5’5½”, aged 19, with fair complexion and a small head.  His hair was brown and he had ‘small’ brown whiskers.  His ‘visage’ was small and narrow, his forehead low and retreating.  His eyebrows were dark brown, his eyes dark grey, his nose small and his mouth ‘normal width’.  His chin – in proportion with the rest of his face – was ‘small’ and he had a blue mark on his left arm.

Once disembarked, he was assigned the number 1442 and assigned to work for a Mr Fletcher as a ‘house servant’.

Conduct record from Linc Tasmania CON31/1/7

 

According to his conduct record, he had a few brushes with authority – absconding, ‘neglect of work’, and helping himself to his master’s ‘porter’ and chickens.

Marriages at Launceston, 1838 from Linc Tasmania, http://stors.tas.gov.au/RGD35-1-42p34j2k

Marriages at Launceston, 1838 from Linc Tasmania, RGD36/1/3

However, in February 1838 he was granted permission to marry Eliza Cross; in June their daughter Matilda was born followed by Emily (1840), Clara (1842) and Alfred Richard (1847)  – Isaac’s occupation recorded as a ‘tailor’ on each of the birth / baptism records.

Approx. 1845, from ancestry.com HO 10/59 page 102

Approx. 1845, from ancestry.com HO 10/59 page 102

In 1841 he was given a Ticket of Leave and granted a Conditional Pardon in December 1845.  The governor’s recommendation states that his ‘conduct having been good for many years past and … having completed beyond the ordinary servitude with a Ticket of Leave

1848 census of Van Diemen’s Land from Linc Tasmania CEN1/1/98

The 1848 census return gives a full and interesting view of their household.  The house was brick-built, in parish ‘No 2’   There were three adults (aged 21-45) living there, presumably Isaac and Eliza and another unmarried male.  Both men seem to have been freed former convicts.

1848 census of Van Diemen's Land from Linc Tasmania CEN1/1/98

1848 census of Van Diemen’s Land from Linc Tasmania CEN1/1/98

 

 

 

 

 

Although Isaac and Eliza had four children by the last day of 1847, only three were recorded as living at home at the time of the census.  All are said to have married and had children: who and where was the missing child?  Matilda was by this time 10 years old, soon to be 11.  Was she, perhaps, already working in another house in the town?  No names are given in the census, so we may never know.

Rather surprisingly, both men and the baby are said to be Church of England, but Eliza and the two girls were Roman Catholics!  Isaac’s occupation falls under the heading of  ‘Mechanics and Artificers’: the other man was a ‘Domestic Servant‘.

Births at Launceston, 1851 from Linc Tasmania, RGD32/1/3  http://stors.tas.gov.au/RGD32-1-3-p673j2k

Births at Launceston, 1851 from Linc Tasmania, RGD32/1/3

The Launceston Examiner, Wed. 8 September 1852 (from trove.nla.gov.au)

The Launceston Examiner, Wed. 8 September 1852 (from trove.nla.gov.au)

 

 

In 1850, Isaac took up a new career – licensee of the Angel Inn in Charles Street Launceston – a licence he renewed three times, the third time in October 1853.  This new occupation is reflected in the baptism record of their daughter Adelaide Frances in 1851.

In May 1854, Isaac took on the licence of another hostelry – this time the Jolly Farmer in the township of Perth on the plains to the south of Launceston.

Births in Longford, from Linc, Tasmania, RGD33/1/33

Births in Longford, 1855, from Linc Tasmania, RGD33/1/33

18 months later, there is a rather odd birth recorded at Longford (close to Perth and around 7 km / 4.5 miles to the West): Arthur Isaac Coote, son of **Sarah** and Isaac Coote: father’s trade is given as “Licensed Publican” so it seems reasonable to assume this is ‘our’ Isaac.

It’s been suggested that Sarah might have been Sarah Cross – Eliza’s sister – but I’m unconvinced.  She was married to James Devall, had borne him a daughter in the previous year or so and would bear him another two years later.  My best guess is that the wife’s name has been mis-heard, mis-written – or even mis-remembered by the registrar.  The page does not seem well-maintained – several entries (including this one) are lacking the informant’s signature, and the mother’s maiden name is also omitted.

By 1862, they were back in Launceston, this time running the Hadspen Inn, renewing the licence each year until at least 1865.

1868 death record from Linc Tasmania

Deaths at Launceston, 1868 from Linc Tasmania RGD35/1/37

In 1868, Eliza Coote died of “paralysis”, aged 45, and two days before her 30th wedding anniversary.  Her occupation is given as “Publican’s wife” and Isaac registered the death.  Hardly the actions of an estranged husband who was living with another woman, since they had grown-up children who could have done what was necessary.

 

18690414-Coote,Isaac-marr-IMAGE_282_c

Marriages in Launceston, 1869, from Linc Tasmania RGD37/1/28

 

Fourteen months later, Isaac married again – this time to the 24 year old Adeline Laird.  The marriage took place in his house in Youngtown.

 

Launceston birth record from Linc Tasmania RGD33/1/48 no 59

Births at Launceston, 1870 from Linc Tasmania RGD33/1/48

Their son Thomas James was born the following year, 1870: Isaac was still recorded as a ‘Licensed Victualler’.

 

from Linc Tasmania RGD35/1/42 no 2239 Deaths at Launceston, 1873

Deaths at Launceston, 1873 from Linc Tasmania RGD35/1/42

Isaac died at Launceston on Christmas Day 1873 of ‘Dropsy’, aged 58 – having apparently reverted to his original occupation of ‘tailor’.


What, though, of Isaac’s origins?  My money is on Isaac Coot, born (according to Ancestry) 29th November 1814, at Sudbury in Suffolk, son of Isaac Coot and Matilda.  There are other births recorded for the couple: Robert (15 Oct 1812), Richard (8 Mar 1817) and Eliza (17 May 1819) but I’ve not found their marriage.


On 29 Jan 1761, at All Saints, Sudbury, an (earlier) Isaac Coot  married Sarah Pain.

On 10 Oct 1734, at All Saints, Sudbury, an (earlier) Isaac Coot  married Elizabeth Sneell.

Deaths of Henry William Judd 1891-1924 and Mrs N. B. Judd d. 1936

[spotted by Sue Dudley]

OBITUARY. (1924, March 24). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 – 1954), p. 6.
Retrieved August 17, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23724633

screen-capture-9OBITUARY.
MR. H. W. JUDD
It is with very great regret that we
announce the death, which occurred with
unexpected suddenness last evening, of
Mr. Henry William Judd, an esteemed
member of “The Mercury” literary staff.
He was a highly capable journalist, and,
by reason of his genial disposition, had
endeared himself to a wide circle of
friends in every part of the State.
Coming to Tasmania from England ,
thirty odd years ago, deceased began his
career in Hobart as a reporter on the
“Tasmanian News,” on which paper his
ability and never-failing courtesy earned
for him marked popularity with all with
whom he came in contact. Later he
transferred to the Hobart staff of “The
Mercury,” where, during his whole
period of sevice, he was held in the
highest esteem by both the management
and his fellow colleagues. After being
located in the head office tor some years
he was appointed manager of the Zee-
han branch of “The Mercury” office, and
later still manager of the branch at
Launceston., At both centres he took a
keen interest in mining, and was recog-
nised as an authority on the subject. A
little over two years ago Mr. Judd re-
turned to Habart, and made his home at
Douglas-street, New Town, where his
demise took place in such tragic circum- |
stances last evening. Speaking to a mem-
bers of the staff yesterday afternoon
concerning his trip to Beaconsfield,
from which place he hud returned only
the previous evening, after representing
“The Mercury” at the annual show, de-
ceased appeared to be in the best of
health. When at home later in the even-
ing, however, it would appear that he
was seized with a fit of coughing, dur-
ing which he expired.
Deceased, who was fifty-nine years of
age, leaves a widow and two daughters,
one of whom is married, and one son,
Mr. J. Judd.

Deceased, in addition to being a most
capable journalist, showed ability as a
photographer, his Illustrated .’Guide to
the West Coast,” which he first publish-
ed several years ago, being a production
of outstanding merit. In his youth he
played cricket with the old Wellington
Club, and met with a good deal of sic-
sess, particularly as a bowler. His main
hobby was gardening.


Funeral of Hr H.W. Judd

THE LATE MR. H. W. JUDD.
THE FUNERAL.
The funeral of the late Mr H W. Judd,
of “The Mercury” Literary Staff, took
place yesterday afternoon, the remains
being interred at Cornelian Bay ceme-
tery There was a large and represen-
tative gathering, old comrades of the
deceased from all parts of the State at-
tending to pay their last tribute.
Amongst those gathered at the grave-
side were Messrs E A Counsel,, ISO
(representing the Minister for Lands),
\V A Pretyman (Secretary for Mines,
representing the Minister for Mines),
J K Reid (Clerk of the House of As-
sembly, who represented the Speaker,
Hon. J. W. Evans, C M G ), C D Chep-
mell (Clerk of the Legislativo Council),
G Crosby Gilmore (Police Magistrate),
D O’Keefe M.H.R., Selby Wilson, Luke
Williams, J Earle, Hon E Mulcahy, and
Colonel R Eccles Snowden, M. H. A. All
departments of “The Mercury” were
represented, those present including
Messrs C. R. Davies (chairman of direc-
tors) C. B. Davies (a director), W.H.
Cummins (General Manager), W H Sim-
monds (Editor), and L Broinowski (As-
sociate Editor). The “World” staff, of
which Mr J. Judd, deceased’s son, is a
member, was also strongly represented,
the editor (Mr. J. M. Mackay) being in-
cluded in their number. Mr G. Hogarth
( Daily Telegraph,” Launceston), and Mr
S. Blackburn (‘ Examiner,” Launceston),
also represented the Launceston
sub-branch of the Australian Journalists’
Association The Tasmanian district of
[photo] THE LATE MR. H. W. JUDD.
the A.J.A. of which the late Mr Judd
had recently been president and on
the executive of which he represented
Ihe Launceston sub-branch at the time
of his death, was represented
by the president (Mr J Chap-
man), secretary (Mr A. O’Brien),
and members of the committee. The
pall bearers were Messrs C. R. Davies,
W HI Cummins, J M Mackay, and M
O’Brien The chief mourners comprised
Messrs J Judd (son), E Judd (brother),
and T R Lee (son in law) Numerous
beautiful floral tributes were placed on
the grave, including tokens fiom the
following. -Proprietors of ‘The Mer-
cury ‘ and ‘ Illustrated Tasmanian Mail,”
General Manager of “The Mercury” and
“Illustrated Tasmanian Mail” (Mr W
H Cummins), and Mrs Cummins, “The
Mercury” Literary Staff, Premier and
State Ministers, Hobart Regatta Associa-
tion, Tasmanian District AJA, “Exami
ner” Literary Staff, editor of ‘The Mer-
cury,” editor of the “Illustrated Tas-
manian Mail,” ind Launceston sub-dis
tact AJA. The services at the house
and graveside were conducted by the
Rev J H Wills (Anglican), who at the
graveside paid a tribute to the deceased’s
many fine qualities. Mr Judd had, he
said, led a life that was upright and hon-
ourable and his work had been heartily
and thoroughly performed He had done
his duty in a manner which all should
try to emulate He had been honoured
and esteemed The funeral arrange-
ments were carried out by Messrs Clark
Bros


LATE MR. H. W. JUDD. (1924, March 25). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 – 1954), p. 6.

Retrieved August 23, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23724908

The Premier's Tribute

LATE MR. H. W. JUDD.
THE PREMIER’S TRIBUTE.
The Premier (Hon J A Lyons) stated
yesterday that it was his desire on be-
half of the Government and himself
to give expression to their sympathy
with the relatives of the late Mr H.
W. Judd of “The Mercury” staff whose
painfully sudden death occurred on Sun-
day night He said that, with other
Ministers he had had ample oppor-
tunity of seeing the late Mr Judd’s
work from time to time and of coming
into close touch with bim official!y
They had always received the greatest
courtesy from him. His duties had
always been carried out in a gentlemanly
and capable manner He wanted
particularly to say that neither Minis-
ters nor members had had cause to com-
plain that any of Mr Judd’s reports of
speeches in the House of elsewhere had
ever been inaccurate 0r unfair. General-
ly, they regretted his loss very much
Mr D D Griffin writes -As ne
who had the privilege and pleasure –
and it was a pleasure-of intimate ac-
quaintance with the genial Mr. Judd, I
was grieved to hear of his sudden de-
mise, so entirely unexpected by his
numerous friends in the North-West and
on the West Coast as well as elsewhere
Apart from his marked ability as a
journalist, he had a most affable, always
the same disposition. Few men took
more interest in mining or were better
versed in its prospects than Mr Judd.
Only recently I had a chat with him
anent prospects of a genuine mining re-
vival and the prospect there was of
opening up what we both hoped may
prove i great mining field in this State.
And now, alas, he has suddenly gone
out into the unknown across the Great
Divide. ____________


OBITUARY MRS. N. B. JUDD. (1936, June 8). The Mercury(Hobart, Tas. : 1860 – 1954), p. 6.
Retrieved August 17, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article25207766

 

OBITUARYscreen-capture-8

MRS. N. B. JUDD 

Journalistic Associations

Funeral at Cornelian Bay
Mrs. Nona Belairs Judd, wife to the
late Mr: Henry William Judd, and
mother of the late Mr. Jack Judd, died
at her home, Tingewick, Douglas Street,
New Town, on Friday. Mr. H. W. Judd
and Mr. J. Judd, were well-known Tas
manian journalists, and each, at the
time of his death, was a member of the
literary staff of “The Mercury.” Mr. H.
W. Judd was at one time manager of
the Northern office of “The Mercury.”
The late Mrs. Judd is survived by two
daughters, Mrs..T. R. Lee, of Ivanhoe,
Victoria, and Mrs. H. C. Tanner, of
Ranelaghlagh, Tasmania.
The funeral took place yesterday at
Cornelian Bay cemetery, and the chief
mourners were Messrs. J. Tibballs
(brother), T. Lee and H. C. Tanner
(sons-in-law), C A. Bennetto, A. Ben-
netto and H. Bennetto (nephews).
Among those at the graveside, where
a service was conducted by Canon C.
W. Wilson, were the Lord Mayor (Mr.
J. J . Wignall), Aldermen W. J. Rennie
and W. W. Osborne, the managing
editor of “The Mercury” (Mr. F..Usher),
the chief of staff of “The Mercury”
Mr. C. G. Patman) and the deputy
chief of staff’ (Mr. A. G. Bradley), the
president of’ the Australian Journal-
ists’ Association, Tasmania district (Mr.
R. W. Brooks), Col. R. A. Rafferty,
Messrs. W. L. Grace and J. Lonergan,
Clark Bros. were the funeral direc-
tors.